Teacher Resources

Frederick R. McDonald

Big Bear's Dilemma, Paper Promises, 1998

Big Bear was a significant leader in history who was bargaining in good faith with the Europeans.

Essential Questions

  • Who do you think should decide who has "reign" over an area of land?
  • Can people ever "own" the land?
  • What are the ways in which an artist can alter history?


  • What is the artist saying about historic events with this painting?
  • Who is the person in the painting?
  • How would you describe the mood?
  • How is the mood communicated?

Suggested Activity

  • Use this as an example to choose an event in history that is meaningful to you and represent it visually.