Archive Finding Aids

Here are detailed file-by-file descriptions of the contents of specific fonds and/or links to scanned documents.

South Piegan at sun dance lodge, Browning, Montana, July 4, 1910
South Piegan people at sun dance lodge, Browning, Montana, July 4, 1910
NA-774-20

David C. Duvall fonds

To view brief biography and summary of contents click here.

Table of Contents

indicates that the series includes scanned documents.

Series 1 Introduction and index to the papers. -- 1967
Series 2 Scanned Document David C. Duvall papers. -- 1904-1912

Inventory

Series 1 Introduction and index to the papers. -- 1967. -- The original David C. Duvall papers are held by the American Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthopology Archives. Photocopies of the papers were acquired by Glenbow Archives in 1967, and have been made available to researchers since that time. -- The series consists of a comprehensive table of contents and index created by Glenbow staff in 1967. Note: The papers have been published to this website courtesy of the AMNH.
M-4376-index Introduction and index. -- 1967. -- Consists of a brief biography of Duvall, an explanation of the order and nature of the material, a table of contents, and an alphabetical index (starts page 19) to the topics covered in the 1258 pages of Blackfoot research notes written by David C. Duvall. Scanned Document View now.
Series 2 David C. Duvall papers. -- 1904-1912. -- 1258 pages of textual material. -- The series consists of ethnological notes about the Peigan (called Piegan in the USA), Blood and Blackfoot peoples. Topics include a wide range of societies, dances (including sun dance), games, bundles (including beaver bundles), pipes, lodges and songs. The papers have been digitized and may be viewed via the links in the descriptions below.
M-4376-p.1-93 Duvall papers - Pages 1-93. -- Consists of notes about these subjects: Beaver Bundle owners and their tobacco planting (by Boy), Beaver Bundle and Scaby Round Robe (by Boy), charming buffalo (bison) (by Red Plume), Peigan shields (by Big Brave), the Bear Knife (by Black Bear), medicine pipes (by Shorty White Grass), medicine pipe ceremony (by Owl Top Feathers), medicine pipe bundle from The Bear (by Red Plume), Never Sits Down Shield (by Heavy Runner), Na-to-as (Natoas)(by Curly Bear and Tom Kiyo), and the Beaver Bundle (by Tom Kiyo). Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.94-161 Duvall papers - Pages 94-161. -- Consists of notes about these dances: black tail deer dance (by Tailer Ashley), tea dance (versions by Curly Bear, Running Owl, Bear Child and Jappy), kissing dance (by Split Ears), grass dance (versions by Eagle Child and Henry No Bear), begging dance, horseback dance (by Red Plume), ghost dance (versions by Sam Many Guns and Red Plume), and scalp dance (by Split Ears). Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.162-215 Duvall papers - Pages 162-215. -- Consists of these narratives: Scar Face (sometimes spelled Scarface) (told by Three Bears), The Ghost Woman (by Jappy), The Snow and the Rain (by Three Bears), A Man with his Hands Cut Off (by Comes at Night), How the Ordinary Sweat House came about (by Jappy), Scabby Round Robe and the Beavers (by Tom Kiyo), The Woman who Married a Star (by Mrs. Wolf Plume), and How Horses came about (by Tom Kiyo). Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.216-300 Duvall papers - Pages 216-300. -- Consists of narratives about these topics: Smoking Otter (by Big Brave); weasel tail suit, scalp lock fringe suit, and Smoking Otter (by Black Bear); tranferring otter painted lodge (by "B.B"); winter lodge (by Three Bears); snake lodge (by Heavy Gun); black and yellow buffalo lodges (by Red Plume); sweat houses of the black and yellow buffalo lodges (by Red Plume); and Crow water medicine (by Owl Top Feathers). Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.301-412 Duvall papers - Pages 310-412. -- Consists of notes about religious ceremonies related to: horse medicine owners(by Red Plume); comparison of Fox and Horn Society (by Bear Skin); medicine pipe bundles (by Bear Skin); preventing pregnancy; sacrificing flesh to the sun (by Split Ears); the unfortunate medicine woman (by "S.D."); sun power (by "B.B."); sweat houses (by Red Plume, Mud Head, and Running Wolf); mourning the dead (by Split Ears); smudge places (by Jappy, Three Bears, James No Wolf, and Tom Kiyo); and transferring suits and bonnets (by Jappy and Shorty White Grass). Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.413-467 Duvall papers - Pages 413-467. -- Consists of information about war songs and wolf songs (by Jappy); Blackfoot songs (by James Murrie); wolf song (by Split Ears); various songs (by Bear Child); visions, individual songs, sun songs (tail feather songs); medicine lodge ceremony songs (by Red Plume); and musical instruments (by Wolf Plume). Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.468-559 Duvall papers - Pages 468-559. -- Consists of notes about stick games, fancy gambling, wheel gambling, travois gambling, shooting and arrow games, whipping the top, boys' games and skunk game. Duvall died in 1911, so the 1912 material was gathered by James Eagle Child. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.560-659 Duvall papers - Pages 560-659. -- Consists of information about solemn oaths (by Red Plume); year counts (by Big Brave and Mrs. Big Nose); Blackfoot social life (by Bad Old Man, Three Bears and Split Ears); tomahawk men (by White Man); Otter's song; Cree medicine; religious objects (by Big Brave, Bad Old Man, New Breast, and Bear Skin); how the Bloods got guns (by Three Bears); a letter from James Eagle Chief to Wissler; preparation for warfare; transferring suits and bundles (by Three Bears); medicine pipes (by Three Bears); medicine customs (by Black Weasel); and organization of the Soldier band. Duvall died in 1911, so the 1912 material was gathered by James Eagle Child. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.660-731 Duvall papers - Pages 660-731. -- Consists of information about these Societies: North Blackfoot All Comrade Societies (by Calf Child): All Brave Dogs Society, Mosquitoes Society, Prairie Chicken Society, Bad Horns Society, Crows Society, and Bees Society. Also consists of information about war bonnets (by Big Brave and Red Plume); and information related to band organization (by Three Bears and Heavy Runner). Includes some of Duvall's timesheets for work done for Wissler. Duvall died in 1911, so the 1912 and 1913 material was gathered by James Eagle Child. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.732-796 Duvall papers - Pages 732-796. -- Consists of letters from Duvall in Browning, Montana to Clark Wissler in New York, primarily related to the acquisition and shipping of Blackfoot artifacts to the American Museum of Natural History, and payments to Duvall for his work. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.797-877 Duvall papers - Pages 797-877. -- Consists of notes about these topics: Grass dance (by Three Bears); Braves dance (by Big Brave); marriage and kinship; Blackfoot shields (by Heavy Runner); jokes; pictographs; All Smoking ceremony; tea dancers; rattles; a Peigan war party (by John Monroe); medicine lodge ceremony; and buffalo tail in sun lodge. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.878-922 Duvall papers - Pages 878-922. -- Consists of information about various aspects of the Sun Dance: camps (by Split Ears); Sun Dance lodge (by Red Plume and Big Brave); self-torture (by Big Brave); weather maker (by Big Brave); cutting hide for the Sun Dance lodge (by Eagle Child); medicine woman; Medicine lodge sweat house (by Three Bears); and Medicine lodge ceremony (by Red Plume). Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.923-999 Duvall papers - Pages 923-999. -- Consists of information about these Societies: Dog Society (by Three Bears), Mosquitoes Society (by Red Plume), Pigeons Society (by Boy), origin of Bull's Society (by Red Plume), origin of Front Tail Society (by Boy), Horn Society (by Mrs. Strangle Wolf), Matoki Society (also spelled Motoki) (by Mrs. Strangle Wolf), Kit Fox Society (by Boy), Pigeons Society (by Red Plume), and Braves Society (by Three Bears). Duvall died in 1911, so the 1912 material was gathered by James Eagle Child. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.1000-1079 Duvall papers - Pages 1000-1979. -- Consists of information about these Societies: All Brave Dogs Society (by Three Bears), societies in which Big Brave was a member, Brave Dogs Society (by Three Bears), Catchers Society (by Three Bears), Crow Water Owners Society, All Comrades Society (by Eagle Child), and Bear All Brave Dogs Society (by Eagle Child). Duvall died in 1911, so the 1912 material was gathered by James Eagle Child. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.1080-1118 Duvall papers - Pages 1080-1118. -- Consists of information about the Beaver bundle: Beaver bundle owner bringing buffalo (by Jappy), Beavers tobacco planting (by Frank Try To Fly), Beaver bundle (by Black Bear), mouse in the bundle (by Jappy), yellow-neck blackbird in the bundle (by Jappy), origin of bundle (by Tom Kiyo), and lizard in the bundle (by Jappy). Duvall died in 1911, so the 1912 material was gathered by James Eagle Child. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.1119-1205 Duvall papers - Pages 1119-1205. -- Consists of information about the Beaver bundle: sweat house of Beaver bundle (by Red Plume); medicine men; Front Tail Society (by Big Brave); illustrations related to All Brave Dogs Society, Front Tail Society, medicine pipes, weasel tail shirt, rattles, and Matoki Society (also spelled Motoki); Beaver medicine (by Eagle); Beaver stick (by Running Wolf); Beaver bundles (by Flat Tail, Mrs. No Chief, Boy, Three Bears); contents of Wolf Plume's bundle (by Jappy), bundle and Natoas (by Jappy), bear and prairie chicken in bundle; tobacco seed and planting (by Three Bears); contents of Head Carrier's bundle (by Tom Kiyo); and the Beaver ceremony. Scanned Document View now.
M-4376-p.1206-1258 Duvall papers - Pages 1206-1258. -- Consists of information about the Matoki Society (also spelled Motoki)(by Mrs. Strangle Wolf and Heavy Runner; Matoki bonnets (by Mrs. Heavy Runner); Medicine lodge ceremony (by Red Plume); societies in which Bad Old Man was a member; Horn Society (by Bad Old Man); Horn offerings; and Horn medicine (by Mrs. Strangle Wolf). Scanned Document View now.
Glenbow
130 9th Ave S.E.
Calgary, AB T2G 0P3

Located in the heart of the Calgary downtown core between Stephen Avenue and the Olympic Plaza
Cultural District.

Location & Directions
Hours & Admissions
Contact Us
Hours
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
09:00am - 5:00pm 09:00am - 5:00pm 09:00am - 5:00pm 09:00am - 5:00pm 11:30am - 7:30pm 09:00am - 5:00pm 12:00pm - 5:00pm
Connect With Us
© Glenbow, 130 - 9th Avenue S.E., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2G 0P3 - www.glenbow.org