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Our tipis were portable homes, because we did not live in one place. Our people moved their camps to be close to wood and water, to take advantage of ripening berries and roots, and to follow the herds of migrating animals. During the year the attitude of our people also changed as their concerns with food meshed with the annual cycle of ceremonies.

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Glenbow Archives NA-249-78

Motoyi (Spring)
A time of beginnings and new life. The new year of ceremonies began as our people opened Thunder Medicine Pipe Bundles and Beaver Bundles. Our people began to look forward to ako-katssinnn (circle camp; when we all camp in one place) and plan for the ookaan (Sun dance).
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Glenbow Archives NA-1094-4
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Glenbow Archives NA-667-219
Niipo (Summer)
Our people attended the ookaan and saw all of their relatives at the ako-katssinn. They moved across the open plains, harvesting the ripening berries and plentiful game.

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Glenbow Archives NA-5613-55
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Glenbow Archives NA-1700-141
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Glenbow Archives NA-659-2
Mokoyi (Autumn)
Work intensified as our people prepared for winter. Hunters brought in more game. Our people drove buffalo into pis-skaan (buffalo jump) and made plenty of dry meat and moki-maani (dry meat, berries and fat mixed together; pemmican). Beaver Bundles were opened again and our people asked for pity during the coming winter.
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Glenbow Archives NA-1700-156
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Glenbow Archives NA-1700-142
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Glenbow Archives NA-1434-32
Sstoyii (Winter)
Our people moved to coulees, river bottoms and the foothills to be near plenty of wood and to be sheltered from winter storms. They were less active outside. The long nights were a time for storytelling and teaching values to the children. This was the time for all-night ceremonies.