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Glossaries have been created to provide the definition of any words
that are specific to each theme area. It is suggested that teachers
review or point out the glossaries to students before they examine
a specific theme area. Students may access them under Student Resources.
Ace: A military aircraft pilot who has destroyed five or
more enemy aircraft.
Alderman: Elected representative who is part of the governing
body in a town or city.
Aristocrat: A member of a ruling class or of the nobility.
Artillery: Large but transportable weapons, such as cannons,
howitzers, and missile launchers that are operated by crews for
long range attacks.
Barnstorm: To appear at county fairs and carnivals in exhibitions
of stunt flying and parachute jumping.
Battalion: An army unit usually consisting of a headquarters
and three or more companies.
Big Four: The first Calgary Stampede was held in September
of 1912. A man named Guy Weadick wanted to celebrate Alberta's ranching
lifestyle and traditions, but needed money for the event. Four ranchers
guaranteed him $25,000 each (a great deal of money of money at the
time) for what was supposed to be a one time event. These four ranchers,
George Lane, Alfred Earnest Cross, Pat Burns and Archie McLean
are now known as the "Big Four."
Boer War: A war fought from 1899 to 1902 between the Boer
governments and Great Britain in South Africa. The war was over
the sovereignty and commercial rights in these lands and ended with
Bootlegger: A person that makes, sells, or transports (alcoholic
Brewery: A company that manufactures malt liquors such as
beer and ale.
Commission: An official document issued by a government
giving the recipient the rank and powers of a commissioned officer
in the armed forces.
Discharge: An official document certifying release from
the performance of an office or duty, especially in military service.
Enlistment: To enter into the armed forces.
Fenian Raids (1866 and 1870): During the American Civil
War, Irish-Americans in the Union army began to organize themselves
with the intention to invade Canada and overthrow English rule.
The Canadian militia had had time to organize and the Fenians were
Infantry: The branch of an army made up of units trained
to fight on foot and march.
Klondike: A region of the Yukon Territory around the Klondike
River. Gold was discovered in 1896, leading to the gold rush of
Maverick: There are two main definitions.
1. Originally, it referred to cattle that have not been branded
yet, usually meaning a calf that has become separated from its
mother. They were usually considered the property of the first
person to brand them.
2. Today, it refers to a person who is independent in thought
and deed, or who refuses to "go along with the group."
Militia: An army composed of ordinary citizens rather than
professional soldiers that is usually only called into service in
times of emergency.
Nitro-glycerine: A thick, pale yellow liquid that is explosive
when bumped around or from exposure to sudden heat. It is used in
the production of dynamite.
Pioneer: A person or family that ventures into unknown territory
Red Cross: An international organization that cares for
the wounded, sick, and homeless during wartime and now also following
Regiment: A military unit of ground troops composed of at
least two battalions.
Soiree: A party of people assembled in the evening, usually
at a private home.
Squadron: A basic air force tactical unit.
Upper Canada: In 1791 Britain divided its property in North
America into two parts and named them Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
Most of the people in Upper Canada were English speaking. In 1867
at Confederation Upper Canada became the province of Ontario.