Clockwise from top left: Luxton Museum, Banff, 1955; Calgary Courthouse Building, ca. 1940s; Hull House, ca. 1910; Central Park Library, ca. 1910; the Ford Building, 1979. All images: Collection of Glenbow Archives, Archives and Special Collections, University of Calgary

A History in Buildings

Glenbow's homes through the ages

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In 1955, Glenbow Museum’s founder, Eric Harvie, created the Glenbow Foundation to pursue his passion for collecting items (artworks, natural history specimens, photographs, documents and cultural artifacts) that represented the history and culture of Western Canada. Over the years, the staff of the foundation grew, and Harvie sent many of them to collect objects from all over the world. Creating a museum to house the collection became inevitable.

In April 1966, the Glenbow Alberta Institute Act was proclaimed, and it was official – Eric Harvie donated his collection of art and objects to the people of Alberta, along with a $5 million endowment to create and sustain Glenbow Museum, which was matched by the Alberta government.

Prior to the opening of Glenbow’s purpose-built building, in September 1976, the collection was spread over more than ten buildings throughout Calgary and Banff. Between 1955 and 1976, the public had access to portions of the collection held at these five locations.   

Located at 1206 - 6th Street West. The house was called 'Langmore'. This photo is from 1910.

Hull House

1202 – 6 Street SW, Calgary

1955 – mid-1960s

The historic house and the other buildings on the Hull property held the Harvie Foundation administration offices, the art department, the library and archives and the archeology department.

The house no longer exists, that address now hosts Hull Estates, a 28-storey apartment complex

Luxton Museum, Banff, Alberta, 1955

Luxton Museum

Banff

1955 – 1960s

The Luxton Museum still exists in Banff, as the Buffalo Nations Luxton Museum. Eric Harvie helped build it, and for a time it held most of his collection of Indigenous objects from western Canada.

The Ford Building in 1979

Ford Building

902 – 11 Avenue SW, Calgary

1961 – 1976

The Ford Building held administration offices, the art department, exhibit design department, photography studio and the public art gallery, which opened in 1969.

The Ford building still exists – you can learn more about it at the City of Calgary’s Historic Resources website

Colour postcard view. Published by Valentine & Sons Publishing Company, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg and Vancouver.

Central Park Library

1221 – 2nd Street SE

1965 – 1976

The public library building housed Glenbow’s library and archives. It is now known as the Memorial Park Library.

Postcard view, "Courthouse, Calgary, Alberta", ca. 1940-45

Calgary Court House

530 – 7 Avenue SW

1964-1976

Before the historic Calgary Court House building became the Court of Appeal of Alberta, it housed Glenbow’s public museum and education department.

The building was closed in 2003 due to structural issues and asbestos, but its restoration has recently been announced.

Glenbow’s current building was designed in the early 1970s to house the museum and bring its extensive collections all under one roof. The new facility was envisioned as part of a large public plaza and conference complex. While that whole original design never came to pass, the museum building was incorporated into what is now the Telus Convention Centre.

Architectural Rendering of The Glenbow Centre, early 1973
Model of the new Glenbow Museum and convention centre, Calgary, published in the Calgary Herald August 24, 1973. Examining the model are, l-r: Pierre Berton, Jack McClelland, David Scollard, the editorial director of the new publishing house, and Allan Hammond of the Glenbow.
The Calgary Skyline in the 1970s, showing where Glenbow Museum would be built

A Metamorphosis

Glenbow’s new renovation project will use the structure of the original building, but completely transform the interior of all eight floors; including restoring the original ceiling height of all the floors, while strategically cutting away specific floor plate areas to develop new double-height gallery spaces. A central vertical gallery will cut through the first five floors, opening up the interior spaces to the sky and bringing in natural light. Importantly, the revitalized building will also include a prominent external front door, which Glenbow has not had for 45 years.

Main entrance from Stephen Avenue - Conceptual Drawing by Dialog Design

In the final phase of the renovation, the original cast-in-place concrete panels on Glenbow’s exterior will be replaced with a new “skin” for the building. This new exterior is designed to create transparency for the Glenbow Museum in several ways, including adding more openings into the interior to create views out to the city not seen before. The new skin will be much lighter and appear to float, creating secondary openings to allow for mechanical ventilation to be included but not overtly present. The new skin is an evolution of the original concrete panels; it was developed using a high-performance concrete, called Ductal concrete, or UHPC.

Architectural Concept Rendering: The View from 8th Avenue and 1st Street SE

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